Agalinis maritima (Raf.) Raf.
Habitat: Saltmarshes. [Tidal wetland (non-forested, wetland)]
Range: Confined to saltmarshes of the Atlantic coast from Maine southward to Florida.
Aids to Identification: Like its more common relative purple gerardia (A. paupercula), the plant has five-petaled, bell-shaped flowers borne erect at the tips of the branched stems. Saltmarsh false-foxglove may be distinguished by its distinct preference for saltmarshes and by its leaves, which are thick and succulent, linear in shape and about 2-3 cm long. As it grows less than 40 cm high, it is often almost concealed by the surrounding vegetation.
Ecological characteristics: Can occur in large populations in intact saltmarshes. Maine populations are represented by A. maritima var. maritima.
Phenology: Flowers in late summer.
Synonyms: Formerly known as Gerardia maritima Raf.
Known Distribution in Maine: This rare plant has been documented from a total of 15 towns in the following counties: Cumberland, Lincoln, Sagadahoc, Washington, York.
Dates of documented observations are: 1916, 1960, 1966, 1981, 1982 (6), 1985, 1986, 1990 (4), 1992, 1996 (3), 1998 (2), 1999, 2000 (10), 2001 (5)
Reason(s) for rarity: Reaches its northern range limit in southern Maine.
Conservation considerations: This plant persists well as long as the natural hydrology of its saltmarsh habitat is maintained.