Tanacetum bipinnatum (L.) Schultz-Bip.
Habitat: Gravelly or cobbly, ice-scoured beaches of large rivers. [Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet)]
Range:St. John, Aroostook, and Restigouche River systems in Maine, Quebec, and New Brunswick; other varieties of the species occur west through Canada.
Aids to Identification: Huron tansy is a very low, sprawling plant with broad, finely dissected leaves. The leaves are a pale greyish green and are strongly aromatic. The flower heads resemble those of the common tansy, i.e., they are button-like (because they lack ray flowers) and yellow, but they are much larger, up to 1-2 cm across. This plant is easily recognized by its habit, habitat, and finely cut, aromatic leaves.
Ecological characteristics: Tanacetum bipinnatum ssp. huronense grows in a specific and periodically disturbed habitat: cobbly river beaches which are scoured and flooded yearly by ice and water moving down the rivers. The plant has long, creeping rootstocks and spreads clonally into broad mats. Not all of the plants flower every year. Huron tansy usually grows with other riverbeach species such as Prunus pumila var. depressa, Astragalus alpinus var. brunetianus, and Allium schoenoprasum.
Phenology: An herbaceous perennial, flowering in mid-June in Maine.
Synonyms: Represented in Maine by subspecies huronense (Nutt.) Breitung and formerly known as Tanacetum huronense Nutt.
Known Distribution in Maine: This rare plant has been documented from a total of 11 town(s) in the following county(ies): Aroostook.
Dates of documented observations are: 1938, 1976 (7), 1982 (7), 1983, 1984, 1986, 1989 (3), 1991 (5), 1993 (3), 1997 (3), 1999, 2001 (7)
Reason(s) for rarity: Restricted habitat.
Conservation considerations: Maintain hydrologic integrity of its rivershore habitat, including the natural disturbance by water and ice. Populations could be harmed if all-terrain vehicle use of the habitat increases.