Glossary of Terms Relating to Maine's ESEA Flexibility Application
ADA = Average Daily Attendance. Maine’s ADA target for schools with grades 3-8 is 93 percent.
AMO = Annual Measurable Objective. The annual target for the percentage of students who are proficient in math or reading, determined by school and by student subgroup. The AMO increases each year, and is determined by dividing the improvement goal into six equal increments.
Center for Best Practices. A web-based clearinghouse of materials, support and case studies related to proficiency-based education in Maine. It is created by the Maine Department of Education, with support from a grant provided by the Nellie Mae Education Foundation.
CTE = Career and Technical Education. Maine’s public secondary-level program for career and technical education.
ECC = Education Coordinating Committee. A committee formed under Maine law to coordinate all levels of education. It consists of the Commissioner of Education, and the Board chairs and Presidents (or Chancellors) of Maine’s public higher education institutions and systems (the Maine Maritime Academy, the University of Maine System and the Maine Community College System).
Focus school. A Title-1-receiving school that is among the 10 percent of Title 1 schools with the most significant achievement gaps between high-performing and low-performing student subgroups. Focus schools are identified by use of the "Within-School Achievement Gap Index."
High Performance Reward School. A Title-1-receiving school that meets all of the following criteria:
- Is among the top 15 percent of schools on the School Accountability Index
- Has met all of the following AMOs and targets:
- Math and reading AMOs for the whole school, each subgroup and the super-subgroup; and
- The participation target of 95 percent for subgroups with n-size of 41+; and
- For a school with grades 3-8, the schoolwide Average Daily Attendance (ADA) target of 93 percent; and
- For a school with a 12th grade, the graduation rate of 90 percent for the whole school and for each subgroup; and
- Is NOT among the 25 percent of schools with the greatest within-school achievement gap indexes.
High Progress Reward School. A Title-1-receiving school that meets all of the following criteria:
- Is among the 15 percent of schools with the highest three-year progress numbers on the School Achievement and Progress list and the highest three-year average proficiency among those with high progress;
- Has met or exceeded one or more of its AMOs for math or reading for the whole school or the super-subgroup;
- Has made sufficient progress on all other AMOs for the whole school and the super-subgroup;
- Has met the 95 percent participation target for subgroups with n-size of 41+, the schoolwide 93 percent average daily attendance target (for a school with grades 3-8) and the 90 percent graduation rate target for whole school and each subgroup (for a school with a 12th grade); and
- Is not among the 25 percent of schools with the greatest within-school achievement gap indexes.
Improvement goal. The number of percentage points that a school must add to its 2011-12 proficiency rate to achieve its proficiency goal. The improvement goal is divided into 6 equal increments to create the annual measurable objective (AMO).
MADSEC = Maine Administrators of Services for Children with Disabilities
MEA = Maine Education Association
MEEC = Maine Educator Effectiveness Council. The stakeholder group created in Public Law 2011, chapter 635, to make recommendations for fleshing out the requirements of Maine’s performance evaluation and professional growth (PE/PG) system for teachers and principals. (See Principle 3)
Meeting school. A Title-1-receiving school that meets all of the following criteria:
- Met math and reading AMOs for the whole school and the super-subgroup;
- Met the 95 percent participation rate target for subgroups with n-size of 41+;
- For a school with a 12th grade, met the 90 percent graduation rate target for whole school and all subgroups with n-size of 10+;
- For a school with grades 3-8, met the schoolwide 93 percent ADA target;
- NOT among the 25 percent of schools with the highest within-school achievement gap indexes; and
- NOT among the 15 percent of schools with the lowest SAI.
MHSA = Maine High School Assessment. Maine’s high-school accountability assessment, administered in Grade 11, which includes the SAT test and a science assessment.
MLR = Maine Learning Results. Learning Results: Parameters for Essential Instruction. The MLRs are a set of standards in eight content areas, plus an overarching set of Guiding Principles, that describe the knowledge and skills believed necessary to prepare every student in Maine for post-secondary education, careers and civic life. They are found in Department of Education Rule Chapter 132.
MLTI = Maine Learning Technology Initiative. An initiative of the Maine Department of Education that provides 1:1 technology for students, and provides professional development to educators to effectively integrate technology into teaching.
Monitor school. A Title-1-receiving school that meets any of the following criteria (unless identified as a Priority or Focus school):
- In the lowest 15 percent on the School Accountability Index (SAI);
- Among the 25 percent of schools with the highest within-school achievement gap indexes in reading or math;
- A school in which either the whole school or the super-subgroup failed to meet or make sufficient progress toward AMOs in both math and reading;
- A school with a 12th grade that has a graduation rate less than 90 percent for the whole school or any subgroup with n-size of 10+; or
In addition, a small school (school with 20 or fewer test participants in the whole school) that would fall within the Priority category based on SAP will be a Monitor school in Year 1 of the accountability system; if the school meets the Priority school criteria for a second year, it becomes a Priority school.
MPA = Maine Principals’ Association
MSBA = Maine School Boards Association
MSFE = Maine Schools for Excellence. A group of schools and LEAs that are participating in developing comprehensive educator evaluation and professional growth systems, with performance-based compensation as an element, with funding from two federal Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants.
MSMA = Maine School Management Association
MSSA = Maine School Superintendents Association
n-size. The number of students in a group.?A minimum n-size of 10 is required for most analyses in Maine’s accountability system. The only exception is that the minimum n-size for analyzing test participation is 41.
NECAP = New England Common Assessment Program. A collaboratively-developed assessment program in math and ELA, currently administered in Grade 3-8 as part of Maine’s NCLB assessment system.
NESSC = New England Secondary School Consortium. A consortium of five New England states (Maine, NH, VT, CT and RI) working together on common secondary school policies, especially related to proficiency-based learning and high school graduation.
PE/PG system = Performance Evaluation and Professional Growth system. The comprehensive system of evaluation and support for teachers and principals that all LEAs in Maine are required to develop, pilot and implement. The PE/PG system was created by Public law 2011, chapter 635 and is codified as Title 20-A of the Maine Revised Statutes, chapter 508. Additional requirements will be provided by Department of Education rule. (See Principle 3)
Priority school. A Title 1 school with the greatest need for intervention and support to improve student achievement. A school that meets any of the following criteria is a Priority school:
- A Title 1 School Improvement Grant (SIG) school;
- A Title-1-receiving school that has the lowest School Achievement and Progress (SAP) three-year average proficiency number and that has made below-average three-year progress (the number of schools to be selected under this criteria will be 15 for the 1st year of accountability); or
- A Title-1-receiving or Title-1-eligible high school with a four-year graduation rate lower than 60 percent. (Currently, there are no Maine high schools with a four-year graduation rate lower than 60 percent.)
Any school with a testing number of 20 or fewer that would meet the Priority status based on the SAP analysis is removed from Priority status for Year 1 only, and placed in Monitor. If it continues to fall within the Priority group in the 2nd year, it is placed in Priority.
Proficiency goal. The proficiency percentage that a school must meet in order to achieve the goal of cutting the rate of non-proficient students in half in six years. For example, if school A’s proficiency rate in math is 62 percent in 2011-12, its proficiency goal is 81 percent. This is arrived at by adding 19, which is half of the non-proficiency rate of 38, to the current proficiency rate of 62. The number 19 is the improvement goal, i.e., the increase in the percentage of proficiency needed to reach the proficiency goal. The improvement goal is divided into six increments to create the annual measurable objective (AMO).
Progressing school. A Title-1 receiving school that meets all of the following criteria:
- Is not a Priority or Focus school;
- Has not met all AMOs for math and reading for the whole school and the super-subgroup, but has met or made sufficient progress toward AMOs for at least one content area for whole school and for the super-subgroup;
- Is NOT among the 15 percent of schools with the lowest?SAI or the 25 percent of schools with the highest within-school achievement gap indexes; and
- Is NOT a school with a 12th grade that has failed to meet the 90 percent graduation target for the whole school and each subgroup.
Project Reach. A five-year, grant-funded program at the University of Maine that supports professional development to improve classroom instruction for English learners.
Reward schools. Title-1-receiving schools that are identified for additional recognition by the State. This includes "High-Performance" Reward schools and "High-Progress" Reward schools.
SAI = School Accountability Index. An index used in Maine’s school accountability system to differentiate among schools that are not Priority or Focus schools. The SAI is also used as one factor in identifying High-Performance Reward schools. The SAI is determined by the following schoolwide data: student proficiency in math and reading compared to the school’s proficiency goal; progress toward the school’s annual measurable objective in math and reading; and student percentile growth in reading and math (for grades 4-8). For schools with a 12th-grade, four-year and five-year graduation rates are also used in determining the SAI. (See Principle 2).
SAP list = School Achievement and Progress list. A list on which all Title 1 schools are rank-ordered on the basis of the school’s three-year average proficiency in math and reading, as measured by NECAP, MHSA and PAAP assessments. The list also contains a three-year progress percentage, which is the sum of changes in the proficiency rate from year 1 to year 2 and from year 2 to year 3.
Sub-recipient monitoring. A risk-based method within the Maine DOE of identifying schools in need of review or auditing.
Sufficient progress. Attaining a proficiency level that is at least halfway between the prior year AMO and the current year AMO.
SSG = Super-subgroup. The group of all students who meet one or more of the following criteria: Student with a Disability or a student who is Black, Hispanic, Native American, Limited English proficient, or Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch.
WSAGI = Within-School Achievement Gap Index. An analysis used to identify Focus schools, and to disqualify schools with significant achievement gaps from favorable categorization. The index number is the difference in math and reading proficiency between the highest-achieving student subgroup and the lowest-achieving student subgroup.