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Home > Highway Safety Facts

Aggressive Driving Laws

None

Cell Phone Driving Laws

Handheld Ban

All Cell Phone Ban

Text Messaging Ban

Enforcement

Crash
Data
Collected

Pre-
emption
Law

School Bus Drivers

Novice Drivers

All Drivers

School Bus Drivers

Novice Drivers

<18

<18

Primary

Child Passenger Safety Laws

Child Restraint Required
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)

Adult seat belt Permissible
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)

Maximum Fine
First Offense

<40 lbs. in child safety seat; 40 - 80 lbs. and <8 yrs. in safety system that elevates child so that adult seat belt fits properly; <11 (and <100) in rear seat if available

8 - 17 (or <18 yrs. and >4'9")

$50 (max. $250 for subsequent offenses)

Drug Impaired Driving Laws

Per Se Laws for Drugs
(Forbidding Prohibited Substances in
Driver's Body)

DEC/DRE Programs
(Providing Law Enforcement Training)

Yes

Drunk Driving Laws

Admin. License
Suspension on
First Offense

Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension

Increased Penalties for High Blood Alc. Concen-
tration (BAC)

Open Container Laws

Repeat Offender Laws

Vehicle and License
Plate
Sanctions

Ignition Inter-
locks

Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment Opportunity

90 days

Yes

.15

Yes

Yes

Vehicle confiscation

Discretionary

Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Laws

Learner Stage

Intermediate Stage

Full Privilege
Min. Age
(Yrs./Mos.)

Required
Supervised
Driving (Hrs.)
(Nighttime hours in parenthesis)

Min.
Age
(Yrs./
Mos.)

Min.
Duration
(Mos.)

Min. Age
(Yrs./Mos.)

Nighttime Driving Restriction

Passenger
Restriction*
(* family members
exempt)

15

6

16

Midnight - 5 a.m.

First 180 days–no pass. unless supervised by licensed driver with 2+ consecutive years of full licensure*
(secondarily enforced)

16 / 6

35 (5)

Helmet Laws

Motorcyclists

Bicyclists

All Helmet Law

Partial Law

All Helmet Law Repealed

Passengers <15 and anyone within 1 year of obtaining a motorcycle license

1977

<16
(For a 2nd or subsequent violation, a $25 fine may be given.)

Mature Driver Laws

Length of Regular Renewal Cycle (Yrs.)

Provisions for Mature Drivers

6

Renewal every 4 yrs. for >65; vision test required for first renewal after 40th birthday and at every second renewal until 62; vision test at every renewal for >62

Seat Belt Laws

Type of Law

Who is Covered
(Yrs.)

In What Seat

Maximum Fine
First Offense

Primary

>18

All

$50

Segway Laws

Permitted on Sidewalks/Bicycle Paths

Permitted on Roads

Helmets Required

Minimum Age

Pedestrian Laws Apply

Sidewalks and bicycle paths

Yes, on streets w/ speed limits up to 35 mph if no sidewalk or bicycle path avail.

Sobriety Checkpoint Laws

Checkpoints Conducted?

Comments

Yes

Speed Limit Laws

Rural Interstates

Urban Interstates

Other Limited Access Roads

Cars
(mph)

Trucks
(mph)

Cars
(mph)

Trucks
(mph)

Cars
(mph)

Trucks
(mph)

65

65

65

65

65

65

Speed and Red Light Cameras

No state law

Work Zone Speed Limit Laws

Multiple of Original Fine

Violations Affected

Workers Must Be Present

Double

Speeding

No

 

 

This data was compiled by the Governors Highway Safety Association